Can Headaches Cause High Blood Pressure, And Why?

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Marlon Emmanuel Mcleod

December 1, 2022

Can headaches cause high blood pressure? Is this what you are thinking right now, like all? The answer is yes; they can. When someone experiences a headache, they also experience a spike in their blood pressure levels.

In some cases, the headache may result from high blood pressure, leading to other severe diseases. There are several reasons why this may be the case, and understanding them is important for effectively managing both conditions.

In this post, we will discuss the link between headaches and high blood pressure and why they might occur together. We’ll also offer some tips for preventing these problems to keep yourself or your loved one healthy and active.

Why Headaches Cause High Blood Pressure:


Several factors, including physical or emotional stress, environmental factors such as noise or light, certain foods and drinks, and dehydration, can cause headaches. When a headache causes high blood pressure, it is known as a hypertensive headache.

  • Hypertensive Headaches: This type of headache is usually associated with severe discomfort, which can last up to several hours and come with other serious symptoms. A spike causes hypertensive headaches in blood pressure.

When the body senses something is wrong; the nervous system releases hormones like adrenaline and noradrenaline, which then cause blood vessels to constrict. This conducts to an increase in blood pressure, which can cause a headache. The hormones also trigger the release of inflammatory molecules, which can cause further narrowing of the blood vessels and lead to a headache. When you have hypertensive headaches, you will feel a pulsing sensation and increased blood pressure due to its effects of it. But some other headaches can also cause high blood pressure.

What Is Blood Pressure:

Blood pressure is the force exerted by the blood on the walls of your arteries as it moves through them. It is measured in millimeters of mercury (mmHg). The top number, known as systolic pressure, represents the maximum pressure when your heart contracts and pumps blood around your body. The bottom number, called diastolic pressure, represents the minimum pressure when your heart relaxes between beats.

High blood pressure (hypertension) is defined as systolic readings greater than 140 mmHg or diastolic readings more than 90 mmHg. The higher your blood pressure ( hypertension), the harder your heart has to work to pump blood around your body. This can cause various health problems and increase the risk of stroke, heart attack, and other serious medical conditions. There are two types of hypertension, and that are following as:


Primary High Blood Pressure:

Primary high blood pressure (also called essential hypertension) is caused by unknown factors that damage the walls of your arteries, which in turn causes them to become thicker and less flexible. This increases the resistance that your heart has to pump against, causing your blood pressure to rise. Common lifestyle factors such as smoking, being overweight or obese, and a sedentary lifestyle can contribute to this form of hypertension.

Secondary High Blood Pressure:

Another medical condition or disease, such as kidney disease, diabetes, or an adrenal gland disorder, causes secondary high blood pressure (also called secondary hypertension). Identifying and treating the underlying cause of secondary high blood pressure is important to control it effectively.

A person with hypertension can also develop other problems, such as the hardening of the arteries (atherosclerosis), which can also conduct in a heart attack or stroke. Treatment for hypertension includes lifestyle changes, medications, and in some cases, surgery, but it is necessary to be aware of the risk factors associated with hypertension and take steps to prevent it.

What Are The Signs Of Hypertensive Headaches?


Hypertensive headaches are not a common type of headache that usually go away on their own, but rather a serious condition that requires immediate medical attention. The most common symptoms of hypertensive headache include:

Shortness of Breath:

Shortness of breath, also known as dyspnea, is a common symptom experienced in hypertensive headaches. When people have high blood pressure, their hearts work harder than usual to pump blood throughout the body, increasing oxygen demand. When the heart fails to meet this demand, it can cause shortness of breath.

The feeling may range from mild to severe, with patients feeling uncomfortable chest tightness or difficulty taking a deep breath. People may also experience lightheadedness and dizziness due to shortness of breath caused by hypertensive headaches. This can be especially dangerous for those already feeling weak or faint due to the headache itself.

An increase in heart rate usually accompanies shortness of breath. It can be hard to tell if the breathing problems are due to the headache or just a symptom of hypertension itself. In some cases, shortness of breath has been known to cause anxiety and panic attacks. This is because sufferers may feel as though they cannot get enough air in their lungs.

It is important to remain calm in these situations, as anxiousness can worsen the symptoms of hypertensive headaches and make them worse. It is also important for those who experience shortness of breath due to hypertensive headaches to seek medical attention right away because the increased blood pressure can cause further complications down the road.


Nose Bleeding:

A nosebleed, which is also known as epistaxis, occurs when blood vessels in the nose rupture and the blood escapes out of the nostril. It is a common condition that can be caused by factors like environmental temperature, certain medications, and even rare cases of abnormal blood clotting disorder. But the most common trigger is high blood pressure (hypertension).

Hypertensive can cause nosebleeds in two ways; first, the higher blood pressure creates an increased risk of rupturing small vessels in the nose, which causes bleeding. Second, hypertension is known to thin out the mucous membranes in the nose, making them even more susceptible to damage and bleeding.

In individuals with high blood pressure, the signs of nosebleeds include a sudden onset of pain in the forehead or around the eyes, depending on where the bleeding occurs in the nasal cavity. A discharge may accompany this from either nostril, ranging from light pink to deep red.

In some cases, a metallic taste may also be present depending on the severity of the bleeding. If you experience nosebleeds and think it may be related to your headaches & high blood pressure, it is important to seek medical attention immediately.

Blurred Vision:

Blurred vision is one of the hypertensive headaches’ most typical and severe symptoms. The rapid rise in blood pressure causes a sudden change of pressure within the vessels around the eyes, leading to blurred vision or even temporary blindness. This symptom may appear without warning and can last a few minutes or hours, depending on the severity of the situation.

When someone experiences blurred vision due to hypertensive headaches, they may notice a general haziness or distortion in their vision. This could be described as looking through a foggy window or having the clarity of their sight become slightly distorted. For some people, this symptom can cause halos around lights and objects that appear to move when the person moves their eyes.


The cause of hypertensive headaches and the resulting blurred vision is the increased pressure in the vessels around the eyes. Normally, when a person experiences an increase in blood pressure, it causes their arteries to expand slightly in order to accommodate more blood flow. However, if this expansion occurs too quickly or becomes excessive, it can cause the vessels to become rigid and constrict, leading to high-pressure headaches.

Facial Flushing:

Facial flushing is a common symptom of high blood pressure or hypertensive headaches. It is characterized by a sudden reddening of the face, usually in the cheeks and around the nose. The flushing may last for several minutes and can be accompanied by warmth or tingling sensations on the face. In some cases, it may also cause an itching or stinging sensation on the face.

Various things, including hormonal changes, stress & anxiety, alcohol consumption, certain medications, or an allergic reaction, can cause facial flushing. However, it is more likely to be brought on by hypertensive-related headaches. This headache is usually described as a throbbing pain in the back of the head, skull, or neck.

It is often accompanied by tightness in the forehead or temples, nausea and/or vomiting, and sensitivity to light and noise. High blood pressure headaches can also cause facial flushing as a result of excess fluid accumulating in the face due to increased pressure. This causes capillaries to dilate, resulting in a flushed appearance.


Additionally, the flushing may be caused by increased body temperature due to the intense activity of pain receptors in the skull during a hypertensive headache. If you think you are experiencing facial flushing due to hypertensive headache, or other symptoms of hypertension, it is important to seek medical attention.

Chest Pain:

Chest pain is one of the most typical symptoms or signs of hypertensive headaches. It is caused by increased blood pressure, which can cause the heart muscles to tense and contract. This tension causes a dull or sharp chest pain that may be felt in the center or left flank of the chest.

It may also radiate to other parts of the body, such as the neck, jaw, or arms. Chest pain is usually associated with shortness of breath, lightheadedness, or a rapid heartbeat. In some cases, hypertensive headaches may also cause palpitations.

Palpitations is an irregular and fluttering sensations in the chest caused by an abnormally fast heart rate that can be felt through the skin. Palpitations can be caused by an increase in the heart rate due to anxiety or stress. Headaches and chest pain can also occur due to high blood pressure.

How is Hypertension Headache Treated?

Once the blood pressure is stabilized, doctors may prescribe medications targeting hypertension and headache symptoms. These medications can include:



Nitroglycerin is a type of vasodilator that helps relax the muscles in blood vessels and increase blood flow. It is commonly used to reduce chest pain, migraines, hypertension, headaches, and other conditions. When treating hypertension headaches, nitroglycerin helps reduce the pressure on vessels by causing them to widen, which in turn helps reduce the headache.

It can also be used to prevent further hypertension headaches if taken regularly. Nitroglycerin is available in tablets, ointments, and sprays and in intravenous (IV) form. It must be taken carefully and according to a doctor’s instructions to avoid any adverse side effects.

It is important for those taking nitroglycerin to monitor their blood pressure regularly and report any changes to their physician. Physicians may also check the patient’s blood pressure before and after administering nitroglycerin. With proper use, this medication can help provide relief from hypertension headaches.

Sodium Nitroprusside:

Sodium nitroprusside is an intravenous (IV) vasodilator that helps reduce blood pressure by widening the arteries and veins. This medication can also be used to treat hypertension, headaches, and other conditions related to high blood pressure. It works by increasing the amount of nitric oxide in the blood, which helps to relax the muscles lining the arteries and veins.

Sodium nitroprusside is available in liquid form only and must be administered by a healthcare professional. Common side effects of nitroprusside medication include nausea, headache, dizziness, low blood pressure, and flushing. But these effects tend to be mild and usually go away within a few minutes.


When used properly, sodium nitroprusside can help reduce or prevent hypertension headaches. It is important for patients taking this medication to discuss any potential side effects with their physicians before beginning treatment.


Nicardipine is an intravenous (IV) medication used to treat hypertension, angina, and other conditions related to high blood pressure. It belongs to the class of medications known as calcium channel blockers, which work by blocking calcium from entering cells in the heart and blood vessels.

This helps reduce blood pressure, allowing more oxygen to reach the heart and other organs. Nicardipine is also used to treat hypertension headaches, as it helps relax the muscles in blood vessels and increase blood flow.

What Are The Some Tips For Preventing Headaches Cause High Blood Pressure:

Many common IV medicines are used to treat high blood pressure caused by (Hypertensive Headaches), but they also have some major side effects. So, trying and prevent a headache by other means is important. Here are a few tips for preventing headaches that cause high blood pressure:

Get Regular Exercise:

Getting regular exercise is an important part of managing high blood pressure. Exercise helps reduce stress, which can majorly cause headaches due to high blood pressure. Regular physical activity can also help maintain a healthy weight and improve circulation, both of which are essential for keeping your blood pressure in check. Aim for around 30 minutes of moderate aerobic exercise every day, but don’t overdo it.


Too much exercise or activity can put stress on your body and make the headache worse. You can also do low-impact exercises like yoga or meditation because they help reduce stress and relax your body. Other activities like swimming or walking can be beneficial, too, so talk to your doctor about what exercises are right for you. Getting regular exercise can help alleviate headaches caused by high blood pressure, leading to a healthier overall lifestyle.

Eat Healthy Foods:

Eating healthy foods is another way to help prevent headaches that cause high blood pressure. Eating a properly balanced diet that includes plenty of fruits and vegetables, lean protein sources, whole grains, and low-fat dairy products can help keep your blood pressure in check and reduce the risk of headaches. Avoid processed and sugary foods as they can increase your blood pressure and worsen your headache.

In addition to eating nutritious foods, it is also important to drink plenty of water every day. This helps keep your body hydrated and can help reduce headaches caused by high blood pressure. Make sure to limit caffeine intake as well, as caffeine can increase blood pressure which may lead to more intense headaches. Following these healthy eating tips can help reduce the risk of headaches due to high blood pressure.

Get Enough Sleep:

Sleep is one of the essential components of managing high blood pressure because it helps regulate stress, hormones, and blood pressure. Getting enough sleep is important in managing high blood pressure and preventing headaches. When you don’t get quality sleep, your body releases hormones that increase your heart rate and cause elevated blood pressure.

Without proper rest, muscles can become tense, leading to a decrease in overall circulation and headaches. In order to get enough sleep, it is important to maintain an invariant sleeping pattern by going to bed and waking up at the same time each day. Additionally, limiting exposure to electronic devices before bedtime is important, as exposure to blue light can disrupt your body’s natural circadian rhythm.

Furthermore, it is important to ensure that the environment you sleep in is comfortable and quiet. Ways to get more restful sleep include yoga, meditation, breathing exercises, or even just a warm bath before bed. All of these activities are known to help your body relax so it can enter into a deep enough sleep for your body to rest properly.


Suppose you still feel tired even after getting adequate sleep. In that case, it might be beneficial to see a doctor and talk about other ways to ensure that your body is resting properly. Managing high blood pressure and avoiding headaches requires more than just taking medication; proper rest or sleep is essential in order to keep your body healthy.


Headache and hypertension may be related, but the cause-and-effect relationship is still unknown. Some experts believe that headaches are a warning sign that blood pressure is rising, while others think the two conditions are unrelated.

More analysis is needed to determine if there is a connection between headaches and high blood pressure. If you have headaches that cause high blood pressure, make sure to contact your doctor and explain every symptom you face.


Can headaches cause high blood pressure?

It’s possible that headaches can cause high blood pressure in some people. One study showed that of people who had a hypertensive headache, 37% had high blood pressure, and 19% had pre-hypertension.

Are headaches and high blood pressure related?

There is some evidence of a correlation between headaches and high blood pressure, but more research is needed to confirm this. One theory is that hypertensive & tension headaches may be related to high blood pressure, as they are often caused by stress and anxiety.

What type of headache causes high blood pressure?

There are numerous types of headaches, some of which can cause high blood pressure. The most common type of headache that causes high blood pressure is hypertensive. Other types include tension headaches, cluster headaches, and rebound headaches. More Blog And follow YouTube Channel

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